Historic Botanical Garden Pergola Project

I’ve had a few readers ask for more information about some of our project. We just finished a rather fun historic job here in Fort Worth at the Botanical Gardens. Coincidentally it segues nicely with my recent post on rustic classical buildings. The FW Botanical Gardens were founded on historic natural springs, but became a formal garden in the 1930′s under the direction of Hare and Hare a landscape architecture firm.

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The landscaping and hardscaping are beautiful with the buildings and walls designed for symmetry, order and balance. One of the highlights of the Gardens is the upper pergola that we were privileged to restore using IPE. We worked with Gannon Gries of Bennett and Benner Partners along with the contractor, the Fain Group.

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IPE is tropical hardwood that some of you may have used on decks. It is an EXTREMELY hard and sinewy wood that is very difficult to work. The grain of the wood almost rubbery, and it is very dense. Thus it is a great exterior wood, but made our work more difficult. Here are some difficult coping cuts (into the stone) each one took almost 2 days to work out.

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The dovetail lap joint was a way we devised to tie together long timbers.

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When the Gardens were laid out and built-in the 1930′s it was one of the first public work projects in the city. Here a group of men sit in front of it upon its completion.

Historic work

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The pergola/pavilion sits at the top of a large hill that has a fountain cascading down through pools and gardens. Here is a picture looking back up at the pergola from below.

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The result I think are quite wonderful and it has been “Timelessly” built to last for at least 100 years.

The primitive classical building

If you’ve ever wondered why the Greek and Roman temples look the way they do, here’s some background and fun inspiration. It is thought that the original Greek temples were built in wood and then later changed to stone which was more durable. It is because of the original wood construction that some of the unique elements like triglyphs (end of beam, supported by the architrave) evolve.

Marianne Cusato in her wonderful book, “Get your House Right.” shows a great illustration of the origins of the classical order. This illustration and the following pics remind us of the rustic and primitive origins, that were humble, unique and now, inspirational.

Classical orders origin

The other reassuring idea that comes from this peak into past, is how the decoration and assorted details (architraves and triglyphs) were not random, haphazard or without reason. For the most part, they represent a structural element of the building or were natural decoration that evolved during construction. Please enjoy this collection of primitive yet classical buildings.

primitive hut2 primitive hut8

primitive hut3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

prmtiv hut

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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primitive hut4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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A travel quiz- beautiful structures, built NOT to last.

2 of these 3 buildings were originally built as “temporary buildings” to be later torn down? Which one was permanent? 2012-hall-of-state1 1280px-Parthenon,_Nashville Palace

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE ANSWER: The top building was built to last. It is the Hall of States building at Fair Park in Dallas, circa 1936. To learn about the other buildings keep reading.

Consider today’s entry a travel blog. One of my encouragements to readers in my book, is that we must educate ourselves on architecture and a great way to do that is to travel. Here are 3 great buildings to visit, all here in the US of A.  The building at the top is in Dallas, the replica of the Parthenon is in Nashville, built-in 1896, and finally the Palace of Arts in San Francisco built-in 1915.

As strange as it may seem to us today. The Parthenon and the Palace of Arts were NOT built to last but rather more like movie sets. If you’ve read Devil in the White City by Eric Larson, about the World’s Fair in Chicago, you are familiar with this type of “temporary” construction, and the work that went into these grand expositions. These events were immensely popular and constructed to host and entertain the world for a short time.

On Thursday, the 22nd, I’ll be speaking to the Dallas Historical Society and Preservation Dallas about, The Timeless House. It will be held at Hall of State building on the Fair Park Campus in Dallas. Fair park was the sight of the Texas Centennial in 1936 and, as was typical for state celebrations and worlds fairs, a great fair ground was constructed with a wonderful collection of buildings.

state hall intThis picture shows the interior of the Hall. I learned a great deal about Fair Park from Marcel Quimby, a Dallas architect who gave a talk on the wonderful Art Deco architecture.

 

 

 

Fair Park

As you can see in the above post card, the fair included a race track, a stadium (the Cotton Bowl) and exhibit space, it was highlighted by the Hall at the end of a grand Esplanade, see below. FP Esplanade

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In 1896, Tennessee was celebrating their statehood centennial and the center piece was a replica of the Parthenon, the famous Greek temple in Athens. Tn expo I visited Nashville and saw this wonderful building last year. For years, I had read and studied about the Parthenon in Athens but never having seen it in real life, I was fascinated to see its replica up close. It helped me gain a sense for the scale, its sculpture and decoration.

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Pan expo Lastly, in 1915, San Francisco won the competition over New Orleans and DC to host the first world’s fair of the new century. Aching to show the world they had recovered from the 1906 fire and earthquake. San Francisco constructed a wonderful collection of buildings highlighted by the Palace of Arts. This world’s fair was called the Panama Pacific exposition to celebrate the newly opened Panama canal.

 

 

 

 

The wonderful Palace of Arts can still be seen if your driving north towards the Golden Gate Bridge. It sits like beacon of beauty near the water. It has always enchanted me and my friend Dan Miller sent me some pictures from his visit, see below.

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PofA 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flickr_-_…trialsanderrors_-_Panama-Pacific_International_Exposition,_San_Francisco,_aeroplane_view,_1915

Looking at the postcard view of the Panama Pacific expo above it is clear to see that we used to celebrate life differently. These buildings are fascinating reminders of how we used to think. They are exuberant fantasies that represented possibilities and hope for the future. They were attempts to show off and also pay homage to a meaningful building heritage and tradition. As you travel and learn the story and narrative about historic buildings, I hope it helps you find your voice and your story as you seek to build your own Timeless Home. If nothing else, now you know why they stand, and hopefully it can make your trip more enjoyable.

By the way, the Nashville Parthenon and the San Francisco Palace of Arts are still standing due to preservation and rebuilding efforts. Both buildings were rebuilt out of long-lasting more durable products years later. It seems people saw their natural and significant beauty and realized that they improved their lives. The great architecture elevated their tastes and desires. Thus these temporary buildings are now thankfully permanent.